مطالعه بیشترنمایش کمتر
چکیده انگلیسی مقاله :
In this paper, a new methodology for Transmission Expansion Planning (TEP) in deregulated electricity market is presented. The proposed TEP is associated with Reactive Power Planning (RPP), reliability assessment and also consideration of wind and load uncertainties. The proposed planning aims at investment cost minimization, social welfare maximization and satisfying reliability constraint at the same time with taking into account wind and load uncertainties. Expected Energy Not Supplied (EENS) is used as an index for reliability evaluation. At first, Monte-Carlo simulation is used to obtain the Probability Density Function (PDF) of Wind Turbine Generator (WTG) output. Then, the WTG and load uncertainties are considered in TEP formulation. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) method is considered to solve the proposed planning problem which is a constrained nonlinear mixed integer optimization programming. Simulation results on two standard test systems (Garver and RTS systems) verify the effectiveness of the proposed planning for consideration of wind and load uncertainties in TEP problem under electricity market environment. Also, the proposed method leads to reduction of the total investment cost, the reliability improvement and the social welfare maximization.